My first published works were five articles that appeared in the "Macmillan Encyclopedia of World Slavery," a publication that I also proofread. After the completion of that project, I worked for Macmillan Reference as a development editor, completing 15 titles, ranging from personal finance to flyfishing. I later moved to Tokyo, where I worked as a translation re-writer, rewriting works translated from the Japanese by Japanese translators, including English guides, screenplays, and ghostwriting one full-length memoir. I also worked on a co-authored screenplay, a comedy set in Tokyo, that I recently re-wrote, changing the locale to Los Angeles. On my own time during the same period, I completed and self-published (via Kindle and CreateSpace), a collection of poetry, a Western novella, and two co-authored historical mysteries set in post-WWII Honolulu. I was education at the University of Hawai'i, where I earned my BA (along with a number of writing awards) and MA in History.